Sports Think Tank - Research

"A sports think tank would be a great legacy from the 2012 games, enabling future generations to benefit from long term, well researched, and evidence-based sports policy making in the UK" Seb Coe

Sports Think Tank

Sports Think Tank

31-32 Bedford Street
Covent Garden
+44 20 3239 3380

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Wellbeing in Small Business: How you can help

This guide forms the basis for FSB's September 2017 wellbeing campaign. FSB seek to help small businesses achieve their ambitions through the benefits and support we provide, through participation in public policy discussions and through the provision of information that small businesses need. The guide contains a list of options that small business owners and the self-employed can try, if they're looking to improve their own wellbeing and that of their staff, and contains a number of tips and links of where to go for more detailed information and advice.

Volunteering in an Active Nation

Sport England's vision is as relevant for volunteers as for those taking part. They want everyone in England regardless of age, background or level of ability to feel able to engage in sport and physical activity.

The Coaching Plan for England 2017-21

The Coaching Plan for England represents a 'call to action' for everyone in the coaching community in England to modernise how we think about coaching and how we talk about coaching.

Public Health England: Protecting and Improving the Nation's Health

EU support to promote healthier eating and more exercise

Poor diet and lack of exercise are major contributors to rising levels of obesity and non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer, which kill more EU citizens than all other causes combined. As part of a multi-sector, pan-European response, the second EU health programme 2008-2013 encouraged health-promoting behaviour change in food consumption and physical exercise.

Inquiry into physical activity of children and young people

Physical inactivity is considered to be the fourth leading risk factor for mortality. The Welsh Government has previously estimated the cost of physical inactivity to Wales as being £650 million per year.

Following its recent scrutiny of the Public Health (Wales) Act 2017, the Health, Social Care and Sport Committee anticipates that this inquiry will help inform its contribution to the development of the national obesity strategy required by that legislation. This inquiry will also take into account the recommendations of the recently published report of the independent panel review of Sport Wales.

A lifetime of swimming for every child

A joint response (Swim Ireland and Ireland Active) on a National Swimming Strategy as part of the National Sports Policy Framework Public Consultation Paper submitted to the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport.

Playing fields policy and guidance

This document presents Sport England's policy, and associated guidance, on planning applications affecting playing fields.

Insight into Action: The lessons from the Doorstep Sport Club Programme

The Doorstep Sport Club (DSC) Programme investigated the issue of inactivity in deprived and underfunded areas across the United Kingdom, offering immediate and long-term solutions.

UK Sports Integrity Index 2017

The Sports Integrity Index is based upon robust polling with 2,110 members of the British general public representative for age, gender and region, conducted in June 2017 by Populus. The calculation of integrity was based on the perceived likelihood of the professional sport being implicated in one of four issues:

  1. Match, point or race fixing
  2. Players, racers or athletes using performance enhancing drugs
  3. Financial corruption
  4. Cover up stories and scandals.

School Sport in England

This Commons Library briefing paper provides more information on the policies outlined in the Coalition Government's approach to school sport and related and subsequent developments in the provision of PE and sport in schools.

Women’s experiences of parkrun
and wider running activity

Women in Sport have undertaken a research project to help further understand women's motivations and barriers to taking part in parkrun and wider running activity.

Curriculum swimming and water safety

A new report launched today by the Swim Group aims to improve swimming and water safety in schools.

Developed by a range of experts from across the education, sport and leisure sectors, the report explores the challenges that primary schools face in delivering high quality swimming and water safety lessons. It also makes a series of recommendations on how to improve the situation.

Independent Review into the Climate and Culture of the World Class Programme in British Cycling

Duty of Care Review

  • Duty Of Care Report (PDF, 685 Kb)

    Duty of Care Review published by Tanni Grey-Thompson, April 2017

Sporting Future: First Annual Report

Sports and Sports Betting Integrity Action Plan: 2016 Annual Progress Report

Levels of BME coaches in professional football: 1st annual follow up report (October 2015)

A Code for Sports Governance

  • A Code For Sports Governance (PDF, 1.3 Mb)

    The Sport England UK Sport Code of Sports Governance. A requirement to comply for all future funded sports organisations

UKActive - The Rise of the Activity Sector

APPG on Fit & Healthy Children - PE report

Education backgrounds of Olympic medallists 2016


Fitbit Research

Obesity Strategy, Department for Health

  • Government Obesity Strategy (PDF, 409 Kb)

    The government published their long awaited Obesity Strategy in the middle of August 2016. Commentary and reaction is elsewhere on this site

DCMS 2015 Taking Part Survey

Taking Part Survey 2015-16

The latest Taking Part survey in England, looking at participation in the cultural and sporting sectors, showed that 57% of 11-15 year olds said the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games had encouraged them to take part in sport -

Health Matters - a physical activity guide for local professionals (July 2016)

Increasing physical activity has the potential to improve the physical and mental health and wellbeing of individuals, families, communities and the nation as a whole. Public Health England (PHE) wants to see more people being physically active. This professional resource sets out how to achieve this.

JoinIn Making Time report - launched in April 2016

Economic Impact of Golf - a Satellite Report for the R&A

BHF Physical Activity in the Early Years (November 2015)

BHF and Loughborough University Paper - Independent Research

The purpose of this evidence briefing is to provide an overview of the evidence relating to the early years (from birth to five years) and physical activity to help commissioners, policy makers and practitioners influence work in the field. It summarises the importance of physical activity, the factors affecting physical activity levels, the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity and an overview of the evidence relating to sedentary behaviour in the early years.

Trophy Women? 2015 - No More Board Games - (November 2015)

Women in Sport Publication - Independent Research

The latest iteration of the annual Trophy Women? research launched by Women in Sport in November 2015.

The report assesses the number of women in board and executive positions in sport organisations in the UK and provides recommendations on how to increase gender diversity in sport leadership.

UKActive's Blueprint for an Active Britain. (November 2015)

UkActive - independent document

Ahead of the DCMS Sports Strategy launch in December Ukactive launched their Blueprint for an Active Britain at their Annual Summit in November 2015 at the Emirates stadium

Sport for All - Play for Life - A Playbook to get every kid in the game (November 2015)

The Aspen Institute - Project Play document. An American document - where they envision an America in which all children have the opportunity to be active through sports.

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, A New Strategy for Sport: Consultation Paper, August 2015

Government Publication

In the wake of poor participation figures being released in June 2015, the new Minister for Sport Tracey Crouch announced her intentions to hold a consultation on a new all-encompassing government strategy for sport - the first for 13 years. This document highlights 10 themes on which individuals and organisations are being invited to submit evidence over a 9-week period to help shape this new direction for sports policy.

DCMS and the Mayor of London, Inspired by 2012: The legacy from the Olympic and Paralympic Games: Third annual report, August 2015

Government Publication

In summer 2013 government and the Mayor of London published the first annual report about progress towards delivering legacy benefits from the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. In summer 2014 the second such report was published. This third report captures the legacy activities that took place between summer 2014 and summer 2015.

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, UK Sport Satellite Account: 2011 and 2012, July 2015

Government Publication

This report gives an overview of the economic impact generated by the sports industry and its contribution to the UK's output from the years 2011 to 2012. The figures included in the statistical release include but are not limited to gross value added (GVA), employment and consumer spending. The value of sport to the UK economy is estimated to have been worth £38 billion during this period, which also encompasses the London 2012 Olympics.

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, Annual Accounts for Year ending in March 2015, July 2015

Government Report

As well as outlining the key structures at the Department, this report picks out the highlights for the year to date. With a new Conservative Government at the helm, this report also outlines the basis of policy making for the next five years across the different sectors for which the department is responsible for.

The Sport and Recreation Alliance, Fit for the Future: Helping the Sport and Recreation Sector Face the Challenges of Tomorrow: Scene Setting Report, June 2015

Independent report

Released shortly after the Conservative Government was installed, this report intends to set the scene across a number of areas where the Sport and Recreation Alliance feel there will be challenges for their members and the sector more widely in the coming years. Two themes cut across all of these – the rise of technology and the need to tackle persistent inequalities in participation and involvement in sport and recreation at all levels.

A number of areas are included in the report, ranging from the fiscal challenges facing sport to the impact of governance, leadership and the workforce within the sector.

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport, A Living Legacy: 2010-15 Sport Policy and Investment, March 2015

Government Publication

On the day the former Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport announced the Conservatives' renewed approach to sports participation and sport for social change, DCMS released this report which graphically highlights the main achievements of the coalition government between 2010 - 2015. The primary focus of the document is to showcase a commitment to the legacy of the 2012 Olympics, whilst illustrating some of the key economic benefits of sports policy to England through sports devolved policy through primary delivery organisations, including local authorities, Sport England and UK Sport amongst others.

Fujiwara et al., Further analysis to value the health and educational benefits of sport and culture, DCMS and the Culture and Sport Evidence Programme (CASE), March 2015

Government Research

This report builds upon this work by further examining the links between engaging in culture and sport and health and educational outcomes. We look at the value of these benefits to the individual and to the taxpayer in terms of cost savings.

Taylor et al., A review of the Social Impacts of Culture and Sport, DCMS and the Culture and Sport Evidence Programme (CASE), March 2015

Government Report

The Culture and Sport Evidence (CASE) programme is a joint programme of strategic research led by the DCMS in collaboration with the Arts Council England ACE, English Heritage and Sport England. This research, funded from the Culture and Sport Evidence (CASE) programme, reviews the current evidence base on the social impacts of sport and culture. Using a systematic review of relevant literature, this research focuses principally on four main types of social impact: (i) improved health, (ii) reduced crime, (iii) increased social capital and (iv) improved education outcomes. In addition, links to subjective wellbeing (SWB) are examined; and a category 'multiple social impacts' reports on literature where more than one social impact is considered.

UK Sport and DCMS, The Gold Framework: Guidance on UK-level support available when bidding for and staging major sporting events

Government Report

This revised and enhanced framework, is a joint DCMS and UK Sport approach setting out how the UK will support these Gold Events, building on recent experiences and enhanced levels of collaboration with our key partners. The aim is to provide the most effective package of support available to major sporting events of any host nation around the world.

Sport is estimated to be worth almost £34 billion a year to the UK's economy3 , and major sporting events play a significant role in delivering continued growth across many of our key sectors. Over 70 major international sporting events have been secured for the UK following London 2012, including over 30 World and European Championships, showcasing the UK's sporting heroes to millions, and generating a substantial economic impact.

UK Sport (with ComRes), Final Report of Stakeholder Consultation on No Compromise Elite Funding, March 2015

Independent Review

UK Sport commissioned the independent research consultancy ComRes to conduct a consultation among its stakeholders at all levels, focusing on the organisation‟s strategic direction beyond the Rio 2016 investment cycle. This consultation is one part of a wider process, including direct consultation between UK Sport and stakeholders/the public; informal conversations, a review of public statements, and general experience to date; as well as the internal review of strategic objectives and processes. The findings of this consultation will inform UK Sport‟s strategic review, alongside the additional information collected through other channels.

House of Commons Libary Briefing, Listed Sporting Events, February 2015

Government Publication

This document provides a summary on the Department for Culture, Media and Sport's policy on sporting events that are required to be broadcast on free-to-air television. Recent television deals in 2015 such as the Premier League, Match of the Day and the Six Nations have received a high level of scrutiny given the importance people attach to access to sport and indeed the argument relating to whether there is a direct relationship between access to viewing professional sports and inspiring grassroots participation.

Anna Semens, '2010 Sport Satellite Account for the UK: Statistical Release', University of Liverpool and DCMS, February 2015

Government Report

This is the fifth report produced on the value of sport in the UK and the methodology employed is consistent with both the earlier reports conducted by the Sport Industry Research Centre (SIRC) and comparative reports produced in other EU Member States as agreed by the EU Working Group.

According to the Office of National Statistics, Satellite accounts "are a framework that enables attention to be focused on a certain field or aspect of economic and social life. They are produced in the context of national accounts but are more flexible as they allow concepts, definitions, accounting rules and classifications to be changed, where it improves analysis".

Among the findings the report states Gross Value Added (GVA) for the sport sector economy has grown in current prices (not adjusted for inflation) by 15.4% over the period 2008-10.

EY, The Economic Impact of Rugby World Cup 2015, January 2015

Independent Report

This report by EY (formerly known as Ernst & Young) assesses and predicts the wider economic implications to hosting the Rugby World Cup in England and Cardiff this year. Adding to the debate about major sports events' ability to general economic impact, the findings make interesting reading with respect to the British Government's determination to host global spectacles, both in terms of the short-term benefits for tourism and the wider knock-ons effects for producing a legacy for the sport of rugby.

The Labour Party, Protecting Children, Empowering All: Labour's New Approach to Public Health in the 21st Century, January 2015

Political Party Document

This document from the Labour Party sets out their plans for public health ahead of the General Election in May 2015. Launched by Andy Burnham MP (Shadow Health Secretary) and Luciana Berger MP (Shadow Public Health Minister), the document addresses the mental health taboos that have gain so much attention in recent months. Most notably from a sports policy perspective, the Labour Party set out to 'place physical activity at the centre of health policy', citing obesity as a root cause to long term illnesses.

Youth Sport Trust, YST National PE, School Sport and Physical Activity Survey Report, January 2015

Independent Research

This report sets out the findings from the inaugural Youth Sport Trust National PE, School Sport and Physical Activity Survey carried out over a six week period in June and July 2014. Responses were received from 7% of primary schools (1,392) and 12% of secondary schools (554) and help provide an indication of the 'state of the nation'. Since 2010 when the last PE and School Sport Survey was carried out, there has been no national PE and school sport survey, so these findings make interesting reading for the upcoming general election in May 2015 and the respective party commitments to decreasing child obesity and increasing physical activity provisions.

Themis Kokolakakis, "GVA in sport related construction activity in 2010", The Sport Industry Research Centre at Sheffield Hallam University for DCMS, December 2014

Government Report

This report presents an estimation of the Gross Value Added generated by the sports sector in the field of construction. There are two sources for such GVA: firstly the preparation for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games which showed a sharp increase of expenditure since 2010; secondly, the operation of the sports economy outside the Olympic Games preparations. The main source of data is the Olympic Delivery Authority Annual reports

Department for Culture Media and Sport, 'Annual Reports and Accounts 2013-2014', October 2014

Government Report

This public report provides a full strategic overview of DCMS for the year ending in April 2014. Within the publication, the report highlights the progress the department has made, the first year into achieving a legacy from the London Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2012. The financial statements make interesting reading to understand exactly where sport lies as a priority in terms of direct investment from HM Treasury in preparation for the cuts that are likely to take place in 2015-16.

DCMS, Interim Report of Government's Women and Sport Advisory Board, October 2014

Government Report

The Women in Sport Advisory Board was devised by former Culture Secretary Maria Miller in October 2013 to address the evident deficit in women's role in sport across all areas. Coinciding with Women in Sport's (formerly WSFF) first conference with various members of the sport's sector, this report marks one year since the boards inception and reviews the progress. Women are still playing far less sport than men, nearly half the National Governing Bodies of sport have less than 25% women represented on their Boards, women's sport accounts for just 7% of all sports media coverage and only 0.4% of the value of reported sponsorship deals in sport. The report identifies the emotional, opportunity and capability barriers that are still hindering any significant culture change

Public Health England, Everybody Active, Every Day, October 2014

Government Report

Around one in two women and a third of men in England are damaging their health through a lack of physical activity. This is unsustainable and costing the UK an estimated £7.4bn a year. If current trends continue, the increasing costs of health and social care will destabilise public services and take a toll on quality of life for individuals and communities. This eagerly anticipated document sets out Public Health England's plan to support local and national authorities to tackle the obesity epidemic that has been well publicised throughout much of 2014.

Sport + Recreation Alliance & Future Foundation, Future Trends: Innovating to Grow Participation in Sport, October 2014

Independent Report

Change can be unexpected and technology often fills gaps that you never even realised were there. The challenge for us is to discover where that next leap forward is coming from. Sport – including all types of recreational activities – are reflections of society and looking back through our recent past the evolution of many of our activities is easy to see. The challenge now is to use technology to enhance lives. With the world teetering on the precipice of a physical inactivity time-bomb – what tech can haul us back from the brink? In this report the Future Foundation, the world's leading independent global consumer trends and insight firm, presents five trends that it believes will become more and more relevant to those of us in the sector alongside examples of where sport is already innovating.

The FA, FA Chairman's England Commission: Report 2, October 2014

Governing Body Report

The Commission was set up in September 2013 to ask what, if anything, could be done about the falling number of English players playing in the top division of English football: only 32% of Premier League starts in 2012-3 were by players qualified to play for England, compared to 69% twenty years ago. Among other findings, the first report in May reported on the following obstructions: There are inadequate and insufficient competitive playing opportunities for 18-21 year old elite players at top clubs in England; Regulation of the English player market is not effective in preserving the desired balance of British, EU and non-EU players in clubs. This October report looks at following barriers to football development: England lags behind in the quantity and quality of affordable grassroots facilities; Coaching and coach development, in clubs and at grassroots, have not yet reached a satisfactory level and impact.

UK Government and Mayor of London, 'Inspired by 2012: The legacy from the Olympic and Paralympic Games', Second Annual Report, July 2014

Government Report

Two years on from the London Olympics, this document reports on the current status of the ongoing legacy from the event. It contains detailed accounts from five key areas of legacy: sport and healthy living; the regeneration of East London; economic growth; bringing communities together and the legacy from the Paralympics.

House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee, 'Women and Sport: First Report of Session 2014-15', July 2014

Government Report

Although the reasons for participating in sport apply equally to men and women, there remain stark differences between men's sport and women's sport. This is an inquiry into the barriers to women's participation in sport and how to overcome these. The Committee collected evidence from the key organisations and individuals who are involved in women's sport to promote this issue.

The Labour Party, 'More Sport for All: Labour's Consultation on Government backing for more sport and physical activity for all ages in all areas', July 2014

Public Consultation

The shadow culture secretary Harriet Harman and the shadow sports minister Clive Efford released this public consultation to help gather thoughts from consumers of sport in the months leading up to the General Election in 2013. The report asks 23 separate questions ranging from encouraging participation in young children, to details of a proposed levy on betting companies to provide funding for grassroots sport.

Women on Boards, 'Gender Balance in Sport Report', July 2014

Independent Research

Currently there are few National Olympic or Commonwealth organising committees or sports federations where more than 30 per cent of board members are female, and the average is closer to, or below, 20 per cent. WoB was founded in Australia following the successful Olympic Games held in 2000. The impetus was the significant number of medals won by women at the Games and the paucity of women on national sports boards. This report delivers a baseline dataset on the participation of women on sports governing bodies in the lead up to the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. It shows that women remain under-represented on the majority of sporting boards at international and national levels

WHO Europe, 'Cycling can create at least 76,600 jobs and save 10,000 lives every year in major European cities', April 2014

Press Release

This WHO press release refers to an inquiry which estimates that investing in "green and healthy transport" not only has positive health and environmental effects but is also economically profitable. It was published prior Fourth High-level Meeting on Transport, Health and Environment, organized by UNECE and the WHO Regional Office for Europe in April 2014.

All-Party Commission on Physical Activity, 'Tackling Physical Inactivity - A Coordinated Approach', April 2014

Independent Research

This is the first of two reports from the All-Party Parliamentary Commission on Physical Activity, which was set up in 2013. It sets out the scale and scope of the problem, mapping out the specific areas in which need to be worked on for change. The report draws on evidence submitted from across many fields cross the UK as diverse as transport, health, education, and sport. The second report is due to further draw upon the enormous amount of evidence to detail more actions that can be taken to get the UK moving again.

Commonwealth Advisory Body on Sport and Commonwealth Secretariat, eds. Oliver Dudfield,'Strengthening Sport for Development and Peace: National Policies and Strategies', January 2014

Independent Research

The research makes clear that sport by itself is insufficient to make beneficial change to development and peace, but that a well-co-ordinated multi-sectoral approach is necessary. Since sport can harm as well as empower, it is important to ensure the safety and security of participants, especially girls and women, at all times. The research tells us that both policy and programme planning, no matter how well intentioned or generous, must begin with the aspirations, needs and strengths of the intended beneficiaries, and engage them directly in the design of programmes and the monitoring and evaluation of results.

World Health Organisation, 'New WHO analysis shows alarming rates of overweight children', February 2014

Press Release

This press release from the WHO draws attention changing perception of what is viewed as normal with regards to the levels of obesity across Europe. Using the various country reports, it refers on evidence from the country reports produced to generate awareness of the 'obesity epidemic' infecting Europe and proposes solutions on what can be done about it.

Public Health England and the Local Government Association, 'Obesity and the environment: increasing physical activity and active travel', November 2013

Government Report

This briefing has been written in conjunction with the Local Government Association (LGA). It is aimed at those who work in or represent local authorities. It addresses the issue of taking action to create environments where people are more likely to walk or cycle for short journeys. It summarises the importance of action on obesity and a specific focus on active travel, and outlines the regulatory and policy approaches that can be taken.

English Federation of Disability Sport, Emma Spring, 'Disabled People's Lifestyle Survey', September 2013

Independent Research

This report outlines the key findings of the first phase of the project- a quantitative study designed to understand: what disabled people enjoy doing in their spare time; how do disabled people seek information about new hobbies and interests; which kind of people are role models, who influence opinions and attitudes; how, if at all, sport fits into their lives compared to other hobbies and interests; what are the opinions and experiences of sport, exercise and physical activity; how do disabled people interpret the terminology used within the sports sector?

British Medical Journal Open Access, Griffiths et al, 'How active are our children? Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study', August 2013


This paper describes levels of physical activity (PA), sedentary time and adherence to Chief Medical Officers PA guidelines among primary school-aged children across the UK using objective accelerometer-based measurements. Among other findings, the British Medical Journal reports that 51% of 7-year-old UK children achieve current recommendations for daily PA; this is significantly lower in girls (38%) than in boys (63%). This is also lowest in children living in Northern Ireland. The study recommends a comprehensive policy response to boost PA and decrease sedentary time among all young children to the levels appropriate for good health.

Hills, Bradford and Johnston (Brunel University), 'Building a Participation legacy from the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Disadvantaged Areas', March 2013

Independent Research

The Brunel research focused on learning what factors contributed to building the StreetGames participation legacy. The Executive Summary provides an overview of key findings that constitute the defining
characteristics of the StreetGames Legacy projects. This is followed by a summary of key
learning about 'what works' in planning and delivering legacy projects. The project aimed to develop a sustainable sporting legacy via an enhanced sports capacity in local communities; encourage positive behaviour change amongst participants and increase sport and physical activity levels.

House of Commons Education Committee, 'School Sport following London 2012: No more political football, Third Report of Session 2013-14 Volume 1', July 2013

Government Report

The Education Select Committee held an inquiry into school sport following London 2012, in advance of the first anniversary of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. The report investigated the following: the impact and effectiveness of current Government policy and expenditure on increasing sport in schools; The scope, appropriateness and likelihood of success of the Government's plans for a school sport legacy from London 2012; The impact so far of London 2012 on the take-up of competitive sport in schools; and What further measures should be taken to ensure a sustainable and effective legacy in school sport following London 2012.

All-Party Parliamentary Cycling Group, 'Get Britain Cycling: Summary and Recommendations', April 2013

Government Report

Funded by NI Group Limited and the Bicyle Association, the aim of this parliamentary inquiry was "to enable more people across the UK to take up cycling, cycle more often and cycle more safely by interviewing or receiving written evidence from expert witnesses on the obstacles that must be overcome and suggesting concrete, effective measures to be undertaken by central and local government as well as the wider world of business and the third sector".

British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (Loughborough University),'The Economic Costs of Physical Inactivity', March 2013

Independent Research

The purpose of this document is to provide physical activity practitioners, commissioners and policy makers with the key facts to help them build an economic argument for the need to decrease levels of physical inactivity within the population. This evidence briefing summarises the key facts on the total cost of disease to the NHS, the cost of treating individual cases with specific diseases and the cost of disease which can be attributed to physical inactivity.

Ofsted, 'Beyond 2012 – outstanding physical education for all: physical education in schools 2008-2012', February 2013

Independent Report

Ofsted visited 120 primary schools, 110 secondary schools and seven special schools. This report draws also on evidence from four visits to schools to observe good practice in PE. It recommends actions for schools and the Department for Education to secure further improvement in the quality of physical education in schools. It also identifies the common weaknesses seen in PE and looks at what the most effective schools have done to overcome these weaknesses so that physical education is good or outstanding.

HSCIC, 'Health Survey for England 2012, Health Social Care and Lifestyles: Key Findings and Summary', January 2013

Independent Research

The Health Survey for England (HSE) is part of a programme of surveys commissioned by the Health and Social Care Information Centre. It has been carried out since 1994 by the Joint Health Surveys Unit of NatCen Social Research and the Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at UCL (University College London). Children aged 13-15 were interviewed themselves, and parents of children aged 0-12 were asked about their children, with the interview including questions on general health and physical activity.

World Health Organisation, 'Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland', January 2013


This is one of the 53 country profiles covering developments in nutrition, physical activity and obesity in the WHO European Region. This profile illustrates the statistical analysis of the increasing obesity problem that we are facing in the United Kingdom. It contains statistics ranging from nutritional values to policy commentary on what effects the levels of physical activity. The report is comparable to other national profiles across Europe.

Sport and Recreation Alliance, Syann Cox, 'Olympic and Paralympic Games: Legacy Survey', January 2013

Independent Research

This report seeks to substantiate the claim that 'sport is good for you'. The Game of Life brings together, for the first time, all of the best evidence to support those gut feelings we have about sport. But it is also even-handed, pointing out where the evidence is patchy or where more research is required. This research outlines the evidence that exists that shows how more activity can have huge effects on our society.

International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, Thomas May, Spencer Harris and Mike Collins,'Implementing community sport policy: understanding the variety of voluntary club types and their attitudes to policy', October 2012


This article argues that scant attention has been directed towards the voluntary sector and its role as a delivery agent of the legacy aspirations of the London 2012 Olympics. New policies for community sport set out a clear focus on using national governing bodies and voluntary sports clubs (VSCs) to deliver growth in adult sports participation and to reduce the proportion of participants dropping out of sport by the age of 25. The findings suggest that more work is required in segmenting club types to identify their diverse support needs and the roles that they may be able to play in increasing participation and reducing the proportion of young people dropping out of sport

Sports and Recreation Alliance, 'Game of Life: How Sport and Recreation Can Help Make Us Healthier, Happier & Richer', September 2012

Independent Research

This report seeks to substantiate the claim that 'sport is good for you'. The Game of Life brings together, for the first time, all of the best evidence to support those gut feelings we have about sport. But it is also even-handed, pointing out where the evidence is patchy or where more research is required. This research outlines the evidence that exists that shows how more activity can have huge effects on our society.

American College of Sports Medicine, Access to Sport Nike Inc., International Council of Sports Science and Physical Education, 'Designed to Move:A Physical Activity Action', January 2012


Just a few generations ago, physical activity was an integral part of daily life. In the name of progress, we've now chipped away at it so thoroughly that physical inactivity actually seems normal. The economic costs are unacceptable, the human costs are unforgiveable.Designed to Move is a framework for action. It's meant for the "changemakers"—people, companies, institutions and governments with the resources to turn this situation around. It's for nations who want to invest in unleashing the human potential of their citizens.

Street Games, '£53bn cost to the UK economy of physically inactive young people: A summary of the findings from 'The Inactive Time Bomb' report'

Press Release

Street Games' press release refers to the details of its report produced in 2012, 'The Inactive Time Bomb'. This short document illustrates the scale of the physical inactivity problem with a number of statistics taken from the main report. It also includes a number of testimonials from key figures in the health, sports and education sectors.

Sported, 'Sportworks: Providing the value of sport – Summary'

Independent Research

Sported sought to find a sector-wide method of demonstrating the relationship between sport and social benefits. At the outset the organisation wanted to understand the impact of the Sport for Development sector and the cost saving being made to society. The outcome is a sophisticated IT system which assesses the impact and societal cost saving of seven of the most prolific social policy outcome areas: reducing anti-social behaviour and youth offending; improving educational performance; improving attendance and behaviour at school; reducing the misuse of drugs and alcohol; improving psychological health and wellbeing; increasing physical fitness and reducing obesity; reducing the number of NEET young people.

Oxygen Consulting in association with Precor, Ray Algar, '2011 Global Low-Cost Gym Sector Report: A Strategic Investigation into Disruptive New Segment', October 2011

Independent Research

This report's primary purpose is to illustrate how the low-cost gym sector is emerging internationally. The report draws on some of the strategic analysis from my 2010 UK Low-cost Gym Sector Report because it remains vital that readers comprehend what is driving this trend.

Birkbeck Sport Business Centre, Dr. Geoff Walters, Richard Tacon and Dr. Linda Trenberth, 'The Role of the Board in UK National Governing Bodies of Sport', September 2011


NGBs are central to the provision of sport participation opportunities and elite sport in most westernised countries. This report examines governance in the voluntary sports sector, focusing on NGBs in the UK. There are over 300 NGBs in the UK recognised by the four Sports Councils and they vary significantly across a range of factors, such as turnover, organisational structure, the number of staff, and the number of member clubs and individual members. The report seeks to understand a variety of board-specific issues including board structure, roles and responsibilities; board development; risk management and legal compliance; and board involvement in strategy.

Legacy Research Group, 'Learning Disability, Sport and Legacy: A Report on the Special Olympics GB National Summer Games Leicester 2009', June 2011

Legacy Report

This report examines the holding of the Special Olympics Great Britain (SOGB) National Summer Games – for people with learning disabilities – in Leicester in July 2009. For the first time, the views of the organisers, the athletes, their families and carers and the volunteer 'army' who assisted in staging the Games have been systematically collected and analysed. Taken as a whole, this project offers new quantitative and qualitative data and insights into the role of Special Olympics.

The Sport Working Group chaired by Michael de Giorgio, The Centre for Social Justice, 'More Than a Game: Harnessing the power of sport to transform the lives of disadvantaged young people', May 2011

Independent Research

This report set out to establish how sport can produce the best results for young people living in Britain's most deprived areas. Whether through participation in organised recreational activity or tailored programmes that seek to achieve specific outcomes, the overall structure of sport in this country does not reliably produce the social benefits it can unlock. Produced prior to London 2012, the research highlights the distinction between sport for its own sake and sport as a vehicle for improving the lives of disadvantaged or vulnerable young people. In some areas, notably coaching, the answers to the problems involved overlap, but this report has been written with the latter in mind.

Women's Sport and Fitness Foundation in partnership with the Youth Sport Trust, 'Changing the game for girls', January 2011

Independent Research

The UK has a problem with levels of activity, fitness and obesity. Although the figures vary, that applies to people of all ages, social backgrounds, ethnic origins and gender. But the problem is particularly critical among girls. This report presents new research that offers us the opportunity to begin to understand the causes of low levels of physical activity among girls. The project explores the views of girls – and boys – about physical activity, sport and PE, and the influence of schools, friends and families. The research points clearly to what can be done to help more girls get and stay active.

Dr. Geoff Walters, Richard Tacon and Dr. Linda Trenberth, Birkbeck Sport Business Centre, 'Good Governance in Sport: A Survey of UK National Governing Bodies in Sport', April 2010


Governance has become an increasingly important issue that NGBs in the UK have had to address over the last decade due to examples of poor management, financial failure, and increased public funding for sport that have resulted in the need for more professional sports administrative structures.This report analyses the standards of governance at UK NGBs and considers the extent to which some of the recommendations from the Modernisation Programme have been implemented

Laureus Sport for Good Foundation, Camilla Nevill and Matthew Van Poorvliet, 'Teenage Kicks: The Value of Sport in Tackling Youth Crime'

Independent Research

The Laureus Sport For Good Foundation assesses the economic value of three sports projects aimed at tackling gang violence and youth crime in the UK. Each project is using sport to reach out to and engage young people at different stages along the criminal pathway. The results of the study clearly demonstrate that sport is not only a successful mechanism; it is also a cost-effective way to tackle the problem of youth crime and gang violence.

Audit Commission, 'Tired of hanging around: Using sport and leisure activities to prevent anti-social behaviour by young people', January 2009

Sport and leisure have an important role in preventing anti-social behaviour. In this report the Audit Commission explore a wide range of cost-effective solutions to combat anti-social problems via the means of sport. These include more approachable project staff and a greater engagement with young people and parents. It also calls for a more integrated and coordinated approach to sport organisations to help address anti-social issues.